Investigation of the Effect of Different Plasma Treatment Condition on the Properties of Wool Fabrics
- *Corresponding Author:
- Seyda Eyupoglu
Faculty of Engineering and Design
Department of Fashion and Textile Design
Istanbul Commerce University, Kucukyali E5 Crossroad
Istanbul 34840, Turkey
Tel: +90 444 0 413-3225
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 01, 2015; Accepted Date: October 07, 2015; Published Date: October 12, 2015
Citation: Eyupoglu S, Kilinc M, Kut D (2015) Investigation of the Effect of Different Plasma Treatment Condition on the Properties of Wool Fabrics. J Textile Sci Eng 5:216. doi:10.4172/2165-8064.1000216
Copyright: © 2015 Eyupoglu S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this study, oxygen and nitrogen plasma treatment was carried out on wool fabrics during 5, 10 and 15 minutes at low (LF) (40 kHz) and radio (RF) (13.59 MHz) frequency. Then the effect of plasma treatment on tear strength, contact angle, whiteness and yellowness index of wool fabrics was investigated. In addition, the hydrophility of plasma treated samples was analyzed after the washing. The physical and chemical properties of wool fabrics treated with oxygen and nitrogen plasma were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). According to the results, nitrogen plasma treatment improved the tear strength of samples. Furthermore, plasma treatment increased the yellowness of samples while decreasing the whiteness index of samples. The hydrophility of samples decreases with plasma treatment and with the increase in plasma treatment time. Moreover, SEM results showed that the plasma treatment caused to occur deformations on the surfaces. Lastly, EDX results showed that the amount of oxygen and nitrogen increased in the surfaces after oxygen and nitrogen plasma treatment.