alexa Investment Opportunity and Risk of Fraud in Private Placement Offers: A Case of Middle Eastern Investors Investing Outside the Middle East
ISSN: 2162-6359

International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences
Open Access

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Research Article

Investment Opportunity and Risk of Fraud in Private Placement Offers: A Case of Middle Eastern Investors Investing Outside the Middle East

Igor Gvozdanovic1* and Ravish Tatli2

1Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Zagreb, Croatia

2SMC University, Zug, Switzerland

Corresponding Author:
Igor Gvozdanovic
Zagreb School of Economics and Management
SMC University, Zug, Switzerland, Platinum Invest, Zagreb, Croatia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 06, 2016; Accepted Date: May 17, 2016; Published Date: May 24, 2016

Citation: Gvozdanovic I, Tatli R (2016) Investment Opportunity and Risk of Fraud in Private Placement Offers: A Case of Middle Eastern Investors Investing Outside the Middle East. Int J Econ Manag Sci 5:346. doi:10.4172/2162-6359.1000346

Copyright: © 2016 Gvozdanovic I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



This study raises the question about the level of misstatement risk and fraud associated with the Private Placement Memorandum. The reason for raising this question is that Private Placement Memorandum is circulated among potential investors without any regulatory approval to ensure the content. Individuals have tremendous wealth and liquidity in the Middle East region, particularly the six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council; Hence, investment opportunities through Private Placement Offers are numerous for the investors in the region., The associated risk of fraud or misstatement, therefore, is equally high with Private Placement Memorandum due to lack of any regulatory bodies that control and monitor Private Placement Memorandum in the Middle East. A qualitative study approach was used with a questionnaire circulated among a selected population to secure direct feedback based on participants’ experience. The results of the survey conclude the need for direct regulatory control on the Private Placement Memorandum with the goal to give better protection to investors in the region. The data collected suggests that the Private Placement Memorandum is not transparent mainly due to there being no direct monitoring of the content of Private Placement Memorandum from regulatory authorities in the region. Hence, the study achieved the objective of highlighting the need for statutory bodies to regulate and protect investors’ interests in the region. This study could help authorities understand factors to be considered, while allowing private placement with best possible disclosure in Private Placement Memorandum, with legal and criminal consequences in case of intentional misstatement, misleading information, or lack of sufficient disclosures.


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