Iron Levels Increased in Serum from Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Mothers in Coastal Area of Andhra PradeshPrasad DKV1, Sheela P2, Kumar AN3*, Kumar NL4, Deedi MK4 and Madhulatha D2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Amar Nagesh Kumar
Department of Biochemistry
Narayana Medical College
Dr NTRUHS, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 06, 2013; Accepted date: June 16, 2013; Published date: June 20, 2013
Citation: Prasad DKV, Sheela P, Kumar AN, Kumar NL, Deedi MK, et al. (2013) Iron Levels Increased in Serum from Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Mothers in Coastal Area of Andhra Pradesh. J Diabetes Metab 4:269. doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000269
Copyright: © 2013 Prasad DKV, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been observed to be associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. GDM affects approximately 7% of all pregnancies. The objective of the present study was to establish correlation of serum iron, phosphorous and hemoglobin levels in women with carbohydrate tolerance in gestational diabetes mellitus and to find out its association with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
Methods: The study involved screening of 100 pregnant women with gestational period of 24 – 28 weeks, for carbohydrate tolerance and prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus. We estimated fasting glucose, post load glucose, serum iron, serum phosphorous, and hemoglobin in all 100 pregnant women selected for this study. The study was carried out in the department of OBG in collaboration with department of biochemistry.
Results: In the present study, prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is 8%. Both fasting and post serum glucose levels are significantly high in cases of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. We observed increase in serum iron level for gestational diabetes mellitus mothers and is associated with carbohydrate tolerance. However, there was no correlation observed with phosphorous and hemoglobin levels in GDM mothers.
Conclusion: Present study showed elevated serum iron levels correlates with the development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Serum phosphorous and hemoglobin concentrations have not shown any significant variation.