alexa Is There Any Species Specificity in Infections with Aqu
ISSN: 2150-3508

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal
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Research Article

Is There Any Species Specificity in Infections with Aquatic Animal Herpesviruses?The Koi Herpesvirus (KHV): An Alloherpesvirus Model

Sven M Bergmann1*, Michael Cieslak1, Dieter Fichtner1, Juliane Dabels2, Sean J Monaghan3, Qing Wang4, Weiwei Zeng4 and Jolanta Kempter5

1FLI Insel Riems, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany

2University of Rostock, Aquaculture and Sea Ranching, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 6, Rostock 18059, Germany

3Aquatic Vaccine Unit, Institute of Aquaculture, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK

4Pearl-River Fisheries Research Institute, Xo. 1 Xingyu Reoad, Liwan District, Guangzhou 510380, P. R. of China

5West Pomeranian Technical University, Aquaculture, K. Królewicza 4, 71-550, Szczecin, Poland

*Corresponding Author:
Sven M Bergmann
FLI Insel Riems, Südufer 10 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany
Tel: +49 3835171103
Fax:
+49 3835171226
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received date: March 01, 2016; Accepted date: May 02, 2016; Published date: May 09, 2016

Citation: Bergmann SM, Cieslak M, Fichtner D, Dabels J, Monaghan SJ, et al. (2016) Is There Any Species Specificity in Infections with Aquatic Animal Herpesviruses?–The Koi Herpesvirus (KHV): An Alloherpesvirus Model. Fish Aquac J 7:169. doi:10.4172/2150-3508.1000169

Copyright: © 2016 Bergmann SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Most diseases induced by herpesviruses are host-specific; however, exceptions exist within the family Alloherpesviridae. Most members of the Alloherpesviridae are detected in at least two different species, with and without clinical signs of a disease. In the current study the Koi herpesvirus (KHV) was used as a model member of the Alloherpesviridae and rainbow trout as a model salmonid host, which were infected with KHV by immersion. KHV was detected using direct methods (qPCR and semi-nested PCR) and indirect (enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay; ELISA, serum neutralization test; SNT). The non-koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD)-susceptible salmonid fish were demonstrated to transfer KHV to naïve carp at two different temperatures including a temperature most suitable for the salmonid (15°C) and cyprinid (20°C). At 20°C KHVD was induced in carp cohabitated with infected trout. KHV was also detected virologically and serologically at the end of the experiment in both rainbow trout and carp.

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