alexa Islamic Calendar Effect on Market Risk and Return Evide
ISSN: 2167-0234

Journal of Business & Financial Affairs
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Research Article

Islamic Calendar Effect on Market Risk and Return Evidence from Islamic Countries

Akhter A1*, Sandhu A2 and Butt S3

1PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, PhD Scholar, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan

2Jinnah Institute of Informatics Rawalpindi, Pakistan

3Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Akhter A
Lecturer, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University
Rawalpindi, PhD Scholar
Muhammad Ali Jinnah University
Islamabad, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: May 11, 2015 Accepted: June 24, 2015 Published: July 25, 2015

Citation: Akhter A , Sandhu A, Butt S (2015) PIslamic Calendar Effect on Market Risk and Return Evidence from Islamic Countries. J Bus Fin Aff 4:140. doi:10.4172/2167-0234.1000140

Copyright: © 2015 Akhter A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Anomalies remain part of the market no matter it is developed or emerging one. Studies revealed that arbitragers materialize these situations and bring the markets back to efficiency. This study probed the presence of calendar anomalies in stock markets of six Islamic countries. It is empirically concluded that negative Zul-Hijjah effect presents in Malaysian stock market return and has no effect for other sample countries’ stock markets. Zul-Hijjah has negative effect on the volatility of Turkish, Morocco and Egyptian stock markets and has no effect on the volatility of other sample countries’ stock markets. Investors must consider this phenomenon while making decisions regarding investment and forming a diversified global portfolio. This field will help the investors in taking effective investment decision and for efficient resource allocation because knowledge of calendar anomalies plays a critical role to structure the optimal portfolio.


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