Islamic Wet Cupping and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases: Effects on Blood Pressure, Metabolic Profile and Serum Electrolytes in Healthy Young Adult MenBassem Refaat1*, Adel Galal El-Shemi1,2, Anwar Abdelgayed Ebid3, Ahmed Ashshi1 and Mohammad A BaSalamah4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bassem Refaat
Laboratory Medicine Department
Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences
Umm Al-Qura University
Makkah, PO Box 7607, KSA
Tel: +966 541162707
Fax: +966 12 5270000 Ext: 4242
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date Janaury 03, 2013; Accepted date Janaury 17, 2014; Published date Janaury 20, 2014
Citation: Refaat B, El-Shemi AG, Ebid AA, Ashshi A, BaSalamah MA (2014) Islamic Wet Cupping and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases: Effects on Blood Pressure, Metabolic Profile and Serum Electrolytes in Healthy Young Adult Men. Altern Integr Med 3:151. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000151
Copyright: © 2014 Refaat B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Wet cupping (Hejamah) has been used as alternative treatment for several diseases. Objectives: Materials and methods: 16 participants were treated with hejamah for 2 consecutive months. Blood pressure was measure before and 30 minutes after the treatment. Blood samples were collected from all participants before and 48 hours after hejamah and all participants were fasting for 12 hours before sample collection. Results: Fasting blood glucose was significantly decreased before the treatment in the second month only. The levels of serum triglycerides significantly decreased after the first treatment and remained low in the 2nd month. There was no significant difference between the different time points in total cholesterol except for the 48 hours of the second month compared to the samples collected before the procedure of the same month. There was a significant decrease in LDL and significant increase in HDL following hejamah therapy (P<0.05). Significant decrease in sodium and significant increase in potassium 48 hours following treatment with hejamah was observed in the 2 months (P<0.05). Conclusions: The performance of hejamah during fasting state could represent a useful complementary method for the regulation of diastolic blood pressure and prevention/treatment of risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases. Further studies are required to explore the role of hejamah in controlling blood pressure and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.