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Isolated Complete Rupture of Left Main Bronchus after Blunt Chest Trauma | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7548

Emergency Medicine: Open Access
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Review Article

Isolated Complete Rupture of Left Main Bronchus after Blunt Chest Trauma

Kalliopi Athanassiadi1*, Dickgreber N2, Rahe-Meyer N3, Akyari P1, Bagaev E1, Tudorache I1 and Haverich A1

1Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany

2Department of Pulmonology, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany

3Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany

*Corresponding Author:
Kalliopi Athanassiadi
Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
Medical School of Hannover
Hannover, Germany
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 17, 2013; Accepted Date: September 17, 2013; Published Date: September 19, 2013

Citation: Athanassiadi K, Dickgreber N, Rahe-Meyer N, Akyari P, Bagaev E, et al. (2013) Isolated Complete Rupture of Left Main Bronchus after Blunt Chest Trauma. Emergency Med 3:155. doi:10.4172/2165-7548.1000155

Copyright: © 2013 Athanassiadi K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Blunt chest trauma resulting in rupture to the trachea and major bronchi without any concomitant vascular injury is very rare. We present an unusual case with a complete left main bronchus rupture in a 23-year-old man after blunt chest trauma without any vascular injury and we review the literature of the last decade. The patient was admitted at our hospital hemodynamically stable with a left tension pneumothorax. His general condition became worse after the insertion of a chest drainage and CT scan and bronchoscopy were performed on an urgent basis. After bronchoscopic confirmation of the complete transection of the left main bronchus an intubation with a double lumen tube followed and the patient was submitted on emergency thoracotomy and an end-to-end anastomosis was performed of the transected bronchial ends. The postoperative course was uneventful and in a follow up of 6 months the patient developed no complication. In conclusion, prompt recognition of the injury, skillful airway management and early treatment greatly reduce morbidity and increase the chances of restoring normal pulmonary function.


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