Isolation, Screening and Characterization of Cellulase Producing Bacterial Isolates from Municipal Solid Wastes and Rice Straw Wastes
Prabesh Khatiwada, Jahed Ahmed, Mehadi Hasan Sohag, Kamrul Islam and Abul Kalam Azad*
Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh
- Abul Kalam Azad
Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
E-mail: [email protected] sust.edu
Received December 12, 2015; Accepted April 25, 2016; Published April 29, 2016
Citation: Khatiwada P, Ahmed J, Sohag MH, Islam K, Azad AK (2016) Isolation, Screening and Characterization of Cellulase Producing Bacterial Isolates from Municipal Solid Wastes and Rice Straw Wastes. J Bioprocess Biotech 6:280. doi:10.4172/2155-9821.1000280
Copyright: © 2016 Khatiwada P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cellulolytic bacteria were isolated and screened from municipal solid wastes and rice straw wastes using Carboxy Methyl Cellulose (CMC) agar medium as a selective medium. Production of clear zones by the bacterial isolates on CMC agar medium supplemented with 1% CMC was considered as indicative of extracellular cellulase activity. The size of transparent zone diameter was considered as proportional to the level of cellulase production. These bacterial isolates were identified as Bacillus sp., Pseudomonas sp. and Serratia sp. based on morphological, cultural and biochemical characteristics. A basal medium containing CMC, KH2PO4, K2HPO4, MgSO4, (NH4)2SO4, CaCl2 and FeSO4 at pH 7.0 was used for cellulase production. The assay of cellulase in term of CMCase was performed by measuring the release of reducing sugar. Different physicochemical parameters were optimized for cellulase production at shake flask fermentation. Time course study revealed that maximum level of cellulase was produced by Bacillus and Serratia isolates after 24 h of cultivation and by Pseudomonas isolates after 42 h of cultivation. Optimum level of cellulase was produced by Pseudomonas and Bacillus isolates at 37°C, and that by Serratia isolate was at 35°C. Optimum pH for cellulase production by these bacterial isolates was 7.0. Optimum temperature and pH for the activity of cellulase from these isolates were 40°C and 7.0, respectively. The cellulase from these isolates was found almost stable up to 55°C and at pH 7.0 for 1 h. The crude cellulase could liberate reducing sugar from filter paper through hydrolysis. Results showed that bacterial isolates produced significant level of cellulase with cellulose degrading capability.