Jurisdictional Variation in the Economic Impact of California’s Proposition 36 Drug Offender Diversion ProgramAdi Jaffe, Douglas M Anglin*, Darren Urada and Elizabeth Evans
UCLA Integrated Substance Use Programs, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Douglas M Anglin
UCLA Integrated Substance Use Programs
Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
11075 Santa Monica Blvd
Suite 100, Los Angeles, CA 90025-7535, USA
E-mail: doug[email protected]
Received date: February 11, 2014; Accepted date: April 18, 2014; Published date: April 24, 2014
Citation: Jaffe A, Anglin DM, Urada D, Evans E (2014) Jurisdictional Variation in the Economic Impact of California’s Proposition 36 Drug Offender Diversion Program. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2:158. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000158
Copyright: © 2014 Jaffe A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: To describe jurisdictional variation in the economic impact of the California Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA; aka “Proposition 36”), a statewide diversion program that offered eligible drug offenders probation or continued parole with substance use disorder treatment in lieu of incarceration.
Methods: Administrative data were used to conduct multilevel, difference-in-differences analysis examining the effect of individual- and county-level variables on total service-utilization costs across eight domains over 30 months pre- and post-conviction.
Results: County-level variability in the severity of offender populations served under SACPA and in the level of collaboration between SACPA stakeholders contributed to cost variability. More severe populations and less effective stakeholder communication produced increases in costs.
Conclusions: Evaluating the economic impact of broad drug-offender diversion programs requires a multilevel approach that adjusts for the severity of offenders served and the effectiveness of stakeholder interactions.