alexa Kinetic Modelling and Half-Life Study on Enhanced Soil Bioremediation of Bonny Light Crude Oil Amended with Crop and Animal-Derived Organic Wastes
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Research Article

Kinetic Modelling and Half-Life Study on Enhanced Soil Bioremediation of Bonny Light Crude Oil Amended with Crop and Animal-Derived Organic Wastes

Samuel E Agarry*, Mujidat O Aremu and Oluwafunmilayo A Aworanti
Department of Chemical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso-Ilorin Road, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, 260001, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Samuel E Agarry
Department of Chemical Engineering
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
P. M. B. 4000, Ogbomoso-Ilorin Road
Ogbomoso, Oyo State, 260001, Nigeria
Tel: +2348055529705
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 25, 2013; Accepted March 07, 2013; Published March 14, 2013
Citation: Agarry SE, Aremu MO, Aworanti OA (2013) Kinetic Modelling and Half- Life Study on Enhanced Soil Bioremediation of Bonny Light Crude Oil Amended with Crop and Animal-Derived Organic Wastes. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 4:137. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000137
Copyright: © 2013 Agarry SE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In this study, the potential effects of crop and animal-derived organic wastes as nutrient supplements to biostimulate autochthonous microflora for hydrocarbon biodegradation were investigated. Microcosms containing soil were spiked with weathered Bonny light crude oil (WBLCO) (10 % w/w) and amended with various amounts of groundnut shell, beans shell, melon shell, cassava peels, cow dung and pig dung alone or in combinations. The rates of biodegradation of the crude oil were studied for a remediation period of 42 days under laboratory conditions. The results showed that there was a positive relationship between the rate of petroleum hydrocarbons biodegradation and presence of the crop and animal-derived organic wastes alone or in combination in soil microcosms contaminated with crude oil. The WBLCO biodegradation data fitted well to the first-order kinetic model. The model revealed that WBLCO contaminated-soil microcosms amended with crop and animal-derived organic wastes had higher biodegradation rate constants (k) as well as lower half-life times (t1/2) than soil microcosms amended with NPK fertilizer and unamended soil (natural attenuation) remediation system. The biodegradation rate constant and estimated biostimulation efficiency values showed that among the crop and animal-derived organic wastes used alone and in combinations, pig dung suggest to offer the best biostimulation performance, which was closely followed by the combination of pig dung and cassava peels. The system proposed here is inexpensive, efficient, and environmentally friendly and may thus offer a viable choice for petroleum hydrocarbons-contaminated soil remediation.

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