Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation of Vanillin by Chromium(VI) in Sulfuric Acid Medium
- Corresponding Author:
- Ahmed Fawzy
Associate Professor, Chemistry Department
Faculty of Applied Science, Umm Al-Qura
University, 21955 Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Received date: March 30, 2016; Accepted date: April 29, 2016; Published date: May 04, 2016
Citation: Fawzy A, Zaafarany I, Khairou K, Althagafi I, Alfahemi J (2016) Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation of Vanillin by Chromium(VI) in Sulfuric Acid Medium. Mod Chem appl 4:179. doi:10.4172/2329-6798.1000179
Copyright: © 2016 Fawzy A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The kinetics of oxidation of vanillin (VAN) by chromium(VI) in sulfuric acid medium was studied by a spectrophotometric technique. The reaction exhibited a first order dependence with respect to [Cr(VI)] and fractionalfirst orders with respect to [VAN] and [H+]. Varying ionic strength or dielectric constant of the reaction medium had no significant effect on the oxidation rate. The proposed mechanism includes an intermediate complex formation between vanillin and chromium(VI) before the rate-determining step. The final oxidation product of vanillin was identified by both spectral and chemical analysis as vanillic acid. The suitable rate law has been deduced. The reaction constants included in the various steps of the suggested mechanism have been evaluated. The activation parameters of the rate constant of the rate-determining step of the mechanism and the thermodynamic quantities of the equilibrium constant have been evaluated and discussed.