Knowledge about Tuberculosis among BraziliansLucas Scárdua Silva1, Jhulia Gabriela Duarte de Sousa1, Luísa Oliveira de Paiva1, Orlando Roberto1, Leonardo Filipini Pinheiro1 and Marcelo Fouad Rabahi1,2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
MD, Federal University of Goiás
corner of 235 Street and 5th Avenue
Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 15, 2016; Accepted date: February 09, 2016; Published date: February 12, 2016
Citation: Silva LS, de Sousa JGD, de Paiva LO, Roberto O, Pinheiro LF, et al (2016) Knowledge about Tuberculosis among Brazilians. J Clin Respir Dis Care 2:106. doi: 10.4172/2472-1247.1000106
Copyright: © 2016 Silva LS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Tuberculosisis an infectious disease responsible for 1.5 million deaths, worldwide, per year. Low levels of knowledge about TB are globally associated with a higher prevalence of latent TB infection and a low rate of treatment success. This study aimed to evaluate the level of TB knowledge of individuals at a recreational center in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Methods: We conducted 573 written structured interviews on recreational center frequentersin February and March, 2013, which included five close-ended questions and one open-ended question concerning TB. Data were analyzed with Epi Info 3.5.2. Results: Percentages of patients who answered questions correctly were: 96.3% knew about TB (Q1); 48.5% knew that TB is caused by a bacterial infection (Q2); 73.8% knew that TB can be transmitted to people in contact with infected people (Q3); 75.4% knew that TB can be transmitted via air or droplets (saliva) (Q4); 85.5% knew that the main symptom of TB is cough (Q5); and 96.1% knew that TB is a curable disease (Q6). Conclusion: Overall, a quarter of the population was not aware of the main symptoms, transmission mode, and transmissibility of TB. In order to control TB infection and prevent its spread, emphasis should be placed on increasing awareness of this disease among individuals.