Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Blood Donation among Physicians in a Tertiary Health Facility of a Developing CountryNwogoh Benedict1*, Aigberadion Usimenahon1, Nwannadi Ikenna Alexander2 and Aigbe Isi3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nwogoh Benedict
Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion
University of Benin Teaching Hospital
P.M.B 1111, Benin City, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 23, 2011; Accepted date: March 07, 2012; Published date: March 13, 2012
Citation: Benedict N, Usimenahon A, Alexander NI, Isi A (2012) Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Blood Donation among Physicians in a Tertiary Health Facility of a Developing Country. J Blood Disord Transfus 3:117. doi: 10.4172/2155-9864.1000117
Copyright: © 2012 Benedict N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: There is shortage of active blood donorsto meet the increased demand. Precisely aimed promotion and information, targeted motivation and selection of non-remunerated healthy volunteer donors are needed for an adequate and safe blood and blood products supply.
Objectives: The objectives of this study are to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among physician, to identify and recruit potential voluntary blood donors amongst them and to determine the association between blood donation and gender, duration of practice and sub specialty of the physicians.
Methodology: This was a cross sectional qualitative study conducted at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. A pre tested questionnaires was administered to 140 physicians in the tertiary health facility.
Statistical analysis: The responses were collated and analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 16. The results are presented in frequency tables. The association between blood donation practice and gender of respondents, duration of practice and specialty of the responding physicians were tested using Chi-square and Fisher’s test where appropriate. P-values < 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: Only 58 (41.4%) physicians have donated with 33 (56.9%) donating less than once a year, 18 (31%) between 1-3 times a year and 5 (8.6%) more than thrice a year. Most (53.4%) donated voluntarily, 39.7% for a friend or relative, 3.4% for remuneration and 5.2% to know their screening status.
Conclusion: Physicians have good knowledge of voluntary donation and have a positive attitude towards donation but there is a disparity in their practice of blood donation.