alexa Knowledge of and Perspectives on Pharmacovigilance amon
ISSN: 2329-6887

Journal of Pharmacovigilance
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Research Article

Knowledge of and Perspectives on Pharmacovigilance among Pharmacists in the Miyagi and Hokkaido Regions of Japan

Taku Obara1,2*, Hiroaki Yamaguchi1, Yutaro Iida8, Michihiro Satoh1, Takamasa Sakai3, Yoshiko Aoki4, Yuriko Murai1,5, Masaki Matsuura1, Mayumi Sato1, Takayoshi Ohkubo6, Ken Iseki7 and Nariyasu Mano1
1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Tohoku Medical, Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
3Pharmaceutical Information Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan
4National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan
5Pharmacy Education and Research Center, Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, Japan
6Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
7Department of Pharmacy, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
8Department of Pharmacy, Iwakiri Hospital, Sendai, Japan
Corresponding Author : Taku Obara
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Tohoku University Hospital, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan
Tel: +81-22-717-7548
Fax:
+81-22-717-7545
E-mail:
obara-t@hosp.tohoku.ac.jp
Received: January 21, 2016; Accepted January 26, 2016; Published February 04, 2016
Citation: Obara T, Yamaguchi H, Iida Y, Satoh M, Sakai T, et al. (2016) Knowledge of and Perspectives on Pharmacovigilance among Pharmacists in the Miyagi and Hokkaido Regions of Japan. J Pharmacovigilance 4:192. doi:10.4172/2329-6887.1000192
Copyright: © 2016 Obara T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to clarify the knowledge of and perspectives on pharmacovigilance among pharmacists in the Miyagi and Hokkaido regions of Japan. In this cross-sectional, self-administered questionnairebased study, we contacted 3,164 pharmacists who belonged to the Miyagi Prefecture Hospital Pharmacists Association or the Hokkaido Society of Hospital Pharmacists during the 3-month period between January and March 2013. Of the 1,851 respondents (<30 years, 22.2%; ≥ 50 years, 25.8%; women, 41.9%), 6.9%, 22.1%, and 71.0% answered “I understand what it is”, “I have heard of it, but I do not understand what it is”, and “I do not know what it is”, respectively, to the question “Have you ever heard of the term ‘pharmacovigilance’?”. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that being ≥ 50 years old (odds ratio [OR]: 6.10, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.99-18.72), having a doctoral degree (OR: 6.33; 95%CI: 3.19-12.57), and having ≥ 10 pharmacists in the workplace (OR: 2.08; 95%CI: 1.20-3.60) were ifica3.60) were significantly and independently associated with understanding “pharmacovigilance.” Pharmacists who understood “pharmacovigilance” also tended to know more related terms and actions. Furthermore, 76.2% of the respondents thought that pharmacists should be responsible for pharmacovigilance in the clinical setting, and even though most of the pharmacists in Japan had insufficient knowledge of pharmacovigilance, 71.9% wished to acquire more.

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