Knowledge on Human Papillomavirus-Related Conditions and Determinants of HPV Vaccine Uptake for Cancer Prevention among Japanese University Students: Survey and Review
Muchanga SMJ1,2, Ngatu NR3*, Hirota R1, Yasumitsu-Lovell K1, Kanbara S3, Kawasaki S4, Kawashima A5, Tonda K6, Fukushima D7, Ogawa E8, Kishimoto T7, Mbutshu LH9, Tanaka K3, Joos J10, Nojima S3, Tozin R2 and Suganuma N1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ngatu NR
University of Kochi, Ike campus
2751-1 Ike-781-8515, Kochi-city
Kochi prefecture, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 22, 2015 Accepted Date: August 25, 2015 Published Date: September 03, 2015
Citation: Muchanga SM, Ngatu NR, Hirota R, Yasumitsu-Lovell K, Kanbara S, et al. (2015) Knowledge on Human Papillomavirus-Related Conditions and Determinants of HPV Vaccine Uptake for Cancer Prevention among Japanese University Students: Survey and Review. J Vaccines Vaccin 6:290. doi: 10.4172/2157-7560.1000290
Copyright: © 2015 Muchanga SMJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes an infection that is related to nearly 99% of cervical cancer cases. The World health organization (WHO) estimates that there is an increase of 300 million HPV carriers per year worldwide. We evaluated the knowledge on HPV-related conditions, their prevention and HPV vaccine uptake among Japanese university students.
A survey was conducted in which 679 students (225 males and 454 females; mean age: 19.8 ± 6.17) from three universities (Kochi prefecture) participated. In addition, a review of the literature on HPV vaccination and cervical cancer in south-east Asia was performed.
Twelve percent of female students were vaccinated. In total, 18% of participants had accurate knowledge on HPV-related illnesses; women (76%) had high knowledge as compared with their male counterparts (46%; p<0.05). When faculty was considered, nursing and medical students had high knowledge on HPV-related conditions than those from other faculties (p<0.05). HPV vaccine uptake was positively associated with 3 ‘having a close person (sibling, relative, acquaintance or friend) who suffered from cervical cancer (OR: 2.18; 95% CI: 1.31-3.63; p<0.05).
This study showed that, despite the relatively high incidence of cervical cancer in Japan, the rate of vaccine uptake was low. Controversy regarding safety of HPV vaccines in Japan should be addressed by health policy makers to eventually allow teenagers and young adult to get immunized.