Lafz and Ma Na in the Line: Ibn QutaybaÃ¢ÂÂ(D.276/889) Exposition of Types of PoetryMuritala Alhaji B* and Maruf Suraqat A
Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Arts, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Muritala Alhaji B
Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Arts
Lagos State University, Ojo
Tel: +234 902 505 8328
Email: [email protected]
Received Date: November 30, 2016; Accepted Date: December 16, 2016; Published Date: December 22, 2016
Citation: Muritala Alhaji B, Maruf Suraqat A (2016) Lafz and Ma‘Na in the Line: Ibn Qutayba’s (D.276/889) Exposition of Types of Poetry. Arts Social Sci J 7: 237. doi:10.4172/2151-6200.1000237
Copyright: © 2016 Muritala Alhaji B et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abu Muhammad ‘Abd Allah b. Muslim al-Dinawari al-Kufi also known as Ibn Qutayba (d.276/889) was the first literary critic who made a rigid distinction between lafÃ Â¼ and ma’nÃÂ. Being both a theologian and a man of letters, he never tried to put one above the other. At least, no explicit statement indicates his preference of lafÃ Â¼ over ma’nÃÂ or vice versa. His analysis is very interesting in terms of its division and classification. However, his conclusions have opened him to many attacks, especially by modern critics, as will be discussed later in this paper. This research paper is going to discuss extensively on the foregoing issues and also elaborate more on some connected analysis on word and content (lafz and ma‘na) in Arabic literary critical circle.