alexa Lafz and Ma Na in the Line: Ibn Qutayba’(D.2
ISSN: 2151-6200

Arts and Social Sciences Journal
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Review Article

Lafz and Ma Na in the Line: Ibn Qutayba’(D.276/889) Exposition of Types of Poetry

Muritala Alhaji B* and Maruf Suraqat A

Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Arts, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Muritala Alhaji B
Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Arts
Lagos State University, Ojo
Lagos, Nigeria
Tel: +234 902 505 8328
Email: [email protected]

Received Date: November 30, 2016; Accepted Date: December 16, 2016; Published Date: December 22, 2016

Citation: Muritala Alhaji B, Maruf Suraqat A (2016) Lafz and Ma‘Na in the Line: Ibn Qutayba’s (D.276/889) Exposition of Types of Poetry. Arts Social Sci J 7: 237. doi:10.4172/2151-6200.1000237

Copyright: © 2016 Muritala Alhaji B et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Abu Muhammad ‘Abd Allah b. Muslim al-Dinawari al-Kufi also known as Ibn Qutayba (d.276/889) was the first literary critic who made a rigid distinction between lafż and ma’nā. Being both a theologian and a man of letters, he never tried to put one above the other. At least, no explicit statement indicates his preference of lafż over ma’nā or vice versa. His analysis is very interesting in terms of its division and classification. However, his conclusions have opened him to many attacks, especially by modern critics, as will be discussed later in this paper. This research paper is going to discuss extensively on the foregoing issues and also elaborate more on some connected analysis on word and content (lafz and ma‘na) in Arabic literary critical circle.


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