Left Ventricles of the Mature Camel Heart (Camelus dromedaries) with Special References to the Structure and Distribution of the Purkinje Cardiomyocytes: Microanatomy
Wael ghonimi*, Ahmad awad abuel-atta, Mohamed hafez bareedy and Ahmad balah
Department of Histology and Cytology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
- *Corresponding Author:
- Wael ghonimi
Department of Histology and Cytology
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Zagazig University, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 03, 2014; Accepted date: July 27, 2014; Published date: July 27, 2014
Citation: Ghonimi W, abuel-atta AA, Bareedy MH, balah A (2014) Left Ventricles of the Mature Camel Heart (Camelus dromedaries) with Special References to the Structure and Distribution of the Purkinje Cardiomyocytes: Microanatomy. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:183. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000183
Copyright: © 2014 Ghonimi W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The present investigation was performed to clarify the histological features of the left ventricles in the heart of the mature dromedary camel. This investigation was carried out on the left ventricles of six healthy mature camels. Microscopically, the left ventricles is consisted of three major layers or tunics; the internal endocardium, the middle myocardium, and the external epicardium. The endocardium is consisted of three layers; the endothelial layer of simple squamous epithelium, subendothelial layer of loose connective tissue and the subendocardial layer that connecting the endocardium with the myocardium and housing bundles of the purkinje cardiomyocytes; purkinje fibers. The myocardium, is the middle layer of the ventricular wall, is sandwiched between an outer epicardium, that covers the ventricular wall, and an inner endocardium, that lines the chamber, containing two bundles of cardiac fibers; the working cardiac myocytes (myocardiocytes) and the purkinje bundles. The epicardium is the outer most layer of the ventricular wall. This layer is a relatively thin in comparison with the myocardium and is consisted of a subepicardial layer of loose connective tissue which housing many blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves and adipocytes and mesothelium of simple squamous epithelium.