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ISSN: 2155-9597

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
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Research Article

LEPTOSPIRA: Morphology, Classification and Pathogenesis

Haraji Mohammed1*, Cohen Nozha2, Karib Hakim3, Fassouane Abdelaziz4 and Belahsen Rekia1

1Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Biochimie et Nutrition, Faculté des sciences d’El Jadida, Maroc.

2Laboratoire de Microbiologie et d’Hygiène des Aliments et de l’Environnement Institut Pasteur Maroc, Casablanca, Maroc

3Unité HIDAOA, Département de Pathologie et de santé publique vétérinaire, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat; Maroc.

4Ecole Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion d’El Jadida ; Maroc

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. HARAJI Mohammed
Laboratoire de Biotechnologie
Biochimie et Nutrition
Faculté des sciences d’El Jadida, Maroc
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 18, 2011; Accepted date: September 06, 2011; Published date: September 29, 2011

Citation: Mohammed H, Nozha C, Hakim K, Abdelaziz F, Rekia B (2011) LEPTOSPIRA: Morphology, Classification and Pathogenesis. J Bacteriol Parasitol 2:120. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000120

Copyright: © 2011 Mohammed H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Leptospirosis, caused by the pathogenic leptospires, is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases known. Leptospirosis cases can occur either sporadically or in epidemics, Humans are susceptible to infection by a variety of serovars. These bacteria are antigenically diverse. Changes in the antigenic composition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are thought to account for this antigenic diversity. The presence of more than 200 recognized antigenic types (termed serovars) of pathogenic leptospires have complicated our understanding of this genus. Definitive diagnosis is suggested by isolation of the organism by culture or a positive result on the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Only specialized laboratories perform serologic tests; hence, the decision to treat should not be delayed while waiting for the test results.

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