Leptospirosis: a Global Health Burden in Review
Stephen Dunay*, John Bass and Justine Stremick
Department of Emergency Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Stephen Dunay
Department of Emergency Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
9040 Jackson Ave, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: August 18, 2016 Accepted Date: August 25, 2016; Published Date: September 01, 2016
Citation: Dunay S, Bass J, Stremick J (2016) Leptospirosis: a Global Health Burden in Review. Emerg Med (Los Angel) 6:336. doi:10.4172/2165-7548.1000336
Copyright: © 2016 Dunay S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License; which permits unrestricted use; distribution; and reproduction in any medium; provided the original author and source are credited.
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease transmitted by fresh water and mammalian vectors in predominantly tropical regions, with an incidence of 0.1-10 per 100,000 in temperate climates, 10 or more per 100,000 in tropical climates, and up to 100 or more per 100,000 during outbreaks. Its rate of transmission spikes in areas affected by natural disasters such as floods and heavy rainfall and, because it often presents with non-specific symptoms, it can be difficult to diagnose. The case fatality rate in severe leptospirosis from <5 - 30% makes it a pathogen of clinical importance. This review aims to summarize the most recent literature on the subject and provide recommendations to providers who may encounter afflicted patients.