alexa Level of Knowledge in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Relationship with Glycemic Levels and Stages of Grief According to Kubler-Ross | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
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Research Article

Level of Knowledge in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Relationship with Glycemic Levels and Stages of Grief According to Kubler-Ross

Lourdes Cristina Carrillo Alarcon1,2*, Erika Lopez Lopez1,2, Mario Joaquin Lopez Carbajal1,2 and Moises Ocampo Torres1

1Directorate Coordination of Health Research Health Services Hidalgo, The Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Mexico

2Academic Area of Medicine, The Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Hidalgo, Mexico

*Corresponding Author:
Lourdes Cristina Carrillo Alarcón
Research Division of Health Services Hidalgo
Av. México Núm. 300 Col. Villa Aquiles Serdán
Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, C.P. 42039
Tel: +52 771 718 0770
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 20, 2014; Accepted date: January 29, 2014; Published date: February 15, 2015

Citation: Alarcon LCC, Lopez EL, Carbajal MJL, Torres MO (2015) Level of Knowledge in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Relationship with Glycemic Levels and Stages of Grief According to Kübler-Ross. J Diabetes Metab 6:495. doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000495

Copyright: © 2015 Alarcon LCC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: To identify the level of knowledge of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in patients assigned to the of diabetes clinics of the Health Services of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico and its relationship with the glycemic level and stages of grief according to Kübler- Ross. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 275 patients with T2DM from the Diabetes Clinics of the Health Services of Hidalgo that belong to the Mutual Help Group (GAM, for its initials in Spanish). The patients were given the Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire (DKQ 24); later a fasting venous blood glucose sample was taken and an interview (analysis of content) performed in order to identify their stage of grief. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, the chi square test, and odds ratio were used. Results: Of the total, 74.2% were women, 37.4% were illiterate and 27.1% had an elementary level education; mean age was 59 ± 11.3 years; 71.6% were housewives; the mean time of evolution of T2DM was 10.4 ± 6.8 years. The mean glycemic level was 162.4 ± 74.5 mg/dl. The score of the DKQ 24 was basic knowledge 5.4 ± 1.9, glycemic control 5.4 ± 2.4, complications 7.1 ± .5 and global 5.9 ± 1.5. It was observed that 80.6% did not identify symptoms of hypoglycaemia and 50.3% of hyperglycemia; 90.3% of patients did not know vasculopathy prevention measures. Those who were in acceptance had better control of their glycemic levels than those who were in depression or denial (P<0.05). Conclusion: The level of knowledge of diabetic patients regarding their disease was low. Because of these results it is important to evaluate the subject

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