alexa Levels and Predictors of Adherence to Self-care Behavio
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
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Research Article

Levels and Predictors of Adherence to Self-care Behaviour among Adult Type 2 Diabetics at Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

Mende Sorato M*, Tesfahun C and Lamessa D

Arba Minch College of Health Sciences, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Mende Sorato Mensa
Arba Minch College of Health Sciences, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Tel: +2510916310331
Fax: +2510468811147
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 07, 2016; Accepted date: June 29, 2016; Published date: June 30, 2016

Citation: Sorato MM, Tesfahun C, Lamessa D (2016) Levels and Predictors of Adherence to Self-care Behaviour among Adult Type 2 Diabetics at Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. J Diabetes Metab 7:684. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000684

Copyright: © 2016 Sorato MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: Diabetes self-care behaviour adherence is considered to be the cornerstone in diabetes care. Hence, the success of long-term maintenance therapy for diabetes depends largely on the patients’ adherence with self-care behaviour. Objective: To assess Levels and Predictors of Adherence to self-Care Behaviour and Glycaemic Control among Adult Type 2 Diabetics at Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. Method: An institutional based cross sectional study was conducted from [15th-February to 15th-March, 2015] and data were collected by using interviewer administered questionnaires. The data were entered into EPI-DATA version 3.1, and analysed by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0. Descriptive statistics were used for most variables; a bivariate analysis was employed to determine the presence of association between adherence to self-care behaviour with other variables at P-value less than 0.05. Multi-variable logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of glycaemic control and self-care behaviour adherence. Results: One hundred ninty four type 2 diabetics were participated in this study and 99 (51.0%) were Females. Mean age of participants was 50.3(±13.2) years, and 41.2% had good self-care behaviour adherence. Above one half (57.2%) had diabetes duration less than five years, with mean duration of diabetes 5.02 ± 3.8 years. Most of patients 169 (87.1%) were on oral anti diabetics Age 35-44 years [AOR=13.4, 95% CI=1.582, 113.56], Monthly income<750.00 birr [AOR=0.340, 95% CI=0.119, 0.976] and age at diabetes onset 15-24 years [AOR=11.3, 95% CI=2.621, 49.065] were independent predictors of self-care behaviour adherence. Conclusion: In our study area adherence to self-care behaviour of the study subjects were low. So strategies that can improve these discrepancies like provision of diabetes self-care education and counselling especially on importance of self-monitoring of blood


, physical activity and problem solving should be considered by responsible bodies.


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