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Link between Mindfulness and Personality-Related Factors Including Empathy, Theory of Mind, Openness, Pro-social Behaviour and Suggestibility | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2572-0791

Clinical Depression
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Research Article

Link between Mindfulness and Personality-Related Factors Including Empathy, Theory of Mind, Openness, Pro-social Behaviour and Suggestibility

Hossein Kaviani1* and Neda Hatami2

1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of Bedfordshire, Luton, LU1 3JU, UK

2Clinical Psychology Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Hossein Kaviani
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences
University of Bedfordshire, Luton, LU1 3JU, UK
Tel: +44-1582743765
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 24, 2016; Accepted Date: October 27, 2016; Published Date: November 02, 2016

Citation: Kaviani H, Hatami N (2016) Link between Mindfulness and Personality-Related Factors Including Empathy, Theory of Mind, Openness, Pro-social Behaviour and Suggestibility. Clin Depress 2:119. doi:10.4172/2572-0791.1000119

Copyright: © 2016 Kaviani H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This research investigated a potential linkage between mindfulness and personality characteristics such as openness to experience, empathy (empathic concern and theory of mind), pro-social behaviour and suggestibility. A sample of 275 volunteers was recruited. A series of the research questionnaires and scales was employed to measure mindfulness, empathic concern, theory of mind (or perspective taking), pro-social behaviour (or altruism) and suggestibility. Based on the quartile scores, participants were divided into two low (first quartile) and high (forth quartile) on mindfulness. Using a two-way MANOVA, the results showed that participants high on mindfulness exhibited increased theory of mind, pro-social behaviour and openness, in addition to decreased suggestibility. Neither main nor interaction effects were found for gender factor. Theoretical models in the field of social cognition will be discussed to explain how enhancement in cognitive functions due to mindfulness practice might alter personality characteristics and, in turn, influence socio-political behaviour.

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