Lithium Treatment in Clinical Medicine: History, Current Status and Future UseAmy E Duvall and Vincent S Gallicchio*
Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Clemson University, Clemson, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Vincent S Gallicchio
Department of Biological Sciences
College of Science, Clemson University
Tel: +1 8646563311
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 04, 2017 Accepted Date: May 16, 2017 Published Date: May 18, 2017
Citation: Duvall A, Gallicchio VS (2017) Lithium Treatment in Clinical Medicine: History, Current Status and Future Use. J Cell Sci Ther 8: 270. doi:10.4172/2157-7013. 1000270
Copyright: © 2017 Duvall AE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Lithium treatment was present in the first half of the twentieth century, but little to no attention was given to lithium in psychiatric literature at that time. This noticeable decline in the popularity of lithium could be attributed to the inquiries into lithia water and lithium tablets, which were frequently used in the late 1800s and early 1900s as lithium treatment delivery options. Lithium’s noticeable reappearance began in 1949 when John Cade used lithium to treat maniac patients, hypothesizing their sporadic excitement to be a result of a uric acid condition, which was also preventing normal discharge functioning. Lithium is a versatile drug that can be used in a variety of ways to reduce and prevent symptoms of various disorders. There are some areas of lithium research, however, that seem more promising in terms of yield ground-breaking treatment options for serious and currently incurable illnesses. Though ample research has been conducted to understand lithium’s abilities and effects, more is required to comprehensively assess how lithium works to counteract abnormalities contributing to disorders and diseases. Hematology, as well as many other fields of science, benefit from lithium use and need to continue to observe its capabilities.