Living Kidney Donation in Germany A Topical Overview
Weigand K*, Mühlstädt S, Mohammed N, Schaarschmidt T, Fornara P and Kawan F
University Hospital and Policlinic for Urology of the Medical Faculty, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/S., Germany
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Karl Weigand
University Hospital and Policlinic for Urology of the Medical Faculty
Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/S., Germany
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 20, 2015; Accepted Date: February 28, 2016; Published Date: February 29, 2016
Citation: Weigand K, Mühlstädt S, Mohammed N, Schaarschmidt T, Fornara P, et al. (2016) Living Kidney Donation in Germany – A Topical Overview. J Kidney 2:117. doi:10.4172/2472-1220.1000117
Copyright: © 2016 Weigand K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In 2014, a total of 2128 kidney transplants were performed in 40 centers. Of these, 620 were living kidney transplants, which corresponds to around 30 % of all kidney transplants. As the number of postmortem donors has been declining, living donation is becoming more and more important when discussing kidney transplants. In the following paper, both the obvious advantages for patients, as well as legal principles are to be discussed, so as to emphasize the importance of living kidney transplants against the background of current problems in transplantation medicine in Germany. The age of kidney transplants in humans began with a living kidney donation between identical twins by Murray et al. After introducing medicinal immunosuppression and constantly improving available substance groups, postmortem transplants became more common in the time following. Nevertheless, the importance of living donations is currently rising rapidly, as it is superior to postmortem transplantation and the number of organ donors has decreased dramatically since the allocation scandal in Germany in 2012.