alexa Local Acquired Cyclosporiasis in an Immunocompromised Portuguese Boy
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Local Acquired Cyclosporiasis in an Immunocompromised Portuguese Boy

Vanessa Mendonça1*, Teresa Carvalho2, Angélica Ramos2, Margarida Tavares3 and A Bonito Vitor4
1Serviço de Pediatria – Unidade Autónoma de Gestão da Mulher e da Criança do Hospital S. João do Porto, E.P.E, Portugal
2Laboratório de Microbiologia do Serviço de Patologia Clínica – Unidade Autónoma de Gestão dos Meios Diagnósticos e Terapêutica do Hospital S. João do Porto, E.P.E, Portugal
3Unidade de Infecciologia Pediátrica do Serviço de Pediatria – Unidade Autónoma de Gestão da Mulher e da Criança do Hospital S. João do Porto, E.P.E, Portugal
4Unidade de Imunoalergologia Pediátrica do Serviço de Pediatria – Unidade Autónoma de Gestão da Mulher e da Criança do Hospital S. João do Porto, E.P.E, Portugal
Corresponding Author : Vanessa Mendonça
Rua de Moçambique n° 467 A, HAB 2N
4100-349 Porto, Portugal
Tel: +351 96 26 530 76
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 03, 2012; Accepted April 20, 2012; Published April 28, 2012
Citation: Mendonça V, Carvalho T, Ramos A, Tavares M, Vitor AB (2012) Local Acquired Cyclosporiasis in an Immunocompromised Portuguese Boy. J Clin Case Rep 2:135. doi:0.4172/2165-7920.1000135
Copyright: © 2012 Mendonça V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Cyclospora cayetanensis is an emergent parasite traditionally associated with diarrhoea in travellers to endemic countries. Several cases of cyclosporiasis were also reported in non travellers associated with imported food and waterborne outbreaks. Recently, only sporadic cases were described in Europe, probably because it’s underdiagnosed. Cyclospora is a protozoan very difficult to identify. It’s not detected in specimen routinely tested for ova and parasite, if not explicitly requested. Other reasons include morphologic similarities of Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts with those of Cryptosporidium; necessity of proficiency in parasitology and probably because its notification is not obligatory in all countries.
We report one case of acquired cyclosporiasis in Portugal in an immunocompromised boy, that is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported in our country. Cyclosporosiasis should be considered in all persons with persistent or remitting-relapsing diarrheal illness, regardless of immunological status and explicitly requesting testing for this parasite.

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