Lung Compliance and Airways Resistance in Healthy Neonates
1Academic Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatal Medicine, University of Liège, Belgium, Department of Pediatrics, University of Liège and Honorary Consultant, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Clinique Saint-Vincent de Paul, Liège, Belgium
- *Corresponding Author:
- Oreste Battisti
Academic Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatal Medicine
University of Liège, Belgium
Department of Pediatrics
University of Liège and Honorary Consultant
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
inique Saint-Vincent de Paul , Liège, Belgium
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 12, 2012; Accepted Date: February 05, 2012; Published Date: February 06, 2012
Citation: Battisti O, Bertrand JM, Rouatbi H, Escandar G (2012) Lung Compliance and Airways Resistance in Healthy Neonates. Pediatr Therapeut 2:114. doi: 10.4172/2161-0665.1000114
Copyright: © 2012 Battisti O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Traditionally, closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) has been a surgical procedure, however in 1988 Lock et al.  ushered in the era of percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure when they reported on the results of transcatheter VSD closure using the Rashkind double umbrella device in six patients with congenital and acquired VSDs. These investigators also reported on the technique of using an arteriovenous wire loop as part of the closure that is still in use today. Since their initial report, multiple devices other than the Rashkind device have been used to close VSDs including devices that are specifically designed for this purpose. Percutaneous VSD closure has therefore become an acceptable alternative to surgical closure of muscular, traumatic, postoperative residual and post-infarct VSDs. Transcatheter device closure remains controversial for perimembranous VSDs however secondary to the risk of heart block. The purpose of this paper is to report on the current status of percutaneous closure of VSDs.