alexa Lyme Disease Bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato
ISSN: 2155-9597

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

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Research Article

Lyme Disease Bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato, Detected in Multiple Tick Species at Kenora, Ontario, Canada

John D Scott1*, Kerry L Clark2, John F Anderson3, Janet E Foley4, Monica R Young5 and Lance A Durden6

1Research Division, Lyme Ontario, 365 St. David Street South, Fergus, Ontario, Canada N1M 2L7

2Environmental Epidemiology Research Laboratory, Department of Public Health, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, Florida 32224

3Department of Entomology and Center for Vector Ecology and Zoonotic Diseases. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 123 Huntington St., New Haven, Connecticut 06511

4Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, 1320 Tupper Hall, Davis, California 95616

5Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1

6Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, 4324 Old Register Road, Statesboro, Georgia 30458, USA

*Corresponding Author:
John D Scott
Research Division, Lyme Ontario
365 St. David Street South
Fergus, Ontario N1M 2L7
Tel: 519-843-3646
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: February 20, 2017; Accepted Date: March 13, 2017; Published Date: March 20, 2017

Citation: Scott JD, Clark KL, Anderson JF, Foley JE, Young MR, et al. (2017) Lyme Disease Bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato, Detected in Multiple Tick Species at Kenora, Ontario, Canada. J Bacteriol Parasitol 8:304. doi: 10.4172/2155- 9597.1000304

Copyright: © 2017 Scott JD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

We detected the Lyme disease bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), in 8 species of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) collected from mammalian hosts, including humans, at Kenora, Ontario, Canada. These 8 tick species include Ixodes angustus, Ixodes banksi, Ixodes cookei (groundhog tick), Ixodes gregsoni, Ixodes muris (mouse tick), Ixodes scapularis (blacklegged tick), Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (rabbit tick), and Dermacentor albipictus (winter tick). Based on PCR amplification, 39 (41%) of 94 ticks tested were positive for B. burgdorferi s.l. DNA sequencing of the flagellin B (flaB) gene of B. burgdorferi s.l. complex revealed the presence of B. burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.), which is pathogenic to humans, and causes diverse neurological manifestations in patients. Notably, we provide the first record of B. burgdorferi s.l. in I. gregsoni, and reveal a new distribution record for this tick in eastern and central Canada by extending the known range westward by 200 km. Our findings indicate that there may be a wide-ranging enzootic transmission cycle of B. burgdorferi s.l. within the ecosystem throughout the Kenora area. The health-care profession must be fully cognisant that Lyme disease is present in the Kenora area, and is a public health risk.

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