Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Nekemte Health Center, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Hylemariam Mihiretie*, Motuma Fufa, Anane Mitiku, Chaltu Bacha, Desalegn Getahun, Meselech Kejela, Getu Sileshi and Beletech Wakshuma
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hylemariam Mihiretie
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences
Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 25, 2015; Accepted August 02, 2015; Published August 05, 2015
Citation:Mihiretie H, Fufa M, Mitiku A, Bacha C, Getahun D, et al. (2015) Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Nekemte Health Center, Nekemte, Ethiopia. J Med Microb Diagn 4:197. doi: 10.4172/21610703.1000197
Copyright: ©2015 Mihiretie H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is less than the normal hemoglobin (HB) level in the body, which decreases oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells to tissues. Anemia in pregnancy also leads to premature births, low birth weight, fetal impairment and infant deaths. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Nekemte Health Center, Nekemte, Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Nekemte Health Center (NHC) between May 20, 2011 and June 25, 2011. A total of 150 pregnant women were selected continently. Blood specimen was collected and processed based on standard operating procedures where hemoglobin level was determined by Cell-Dyn1800. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on Sociodemographic and associated risk factors. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Logistic regressions were applied to assess any association between explanatory factors and outcome variables. P values <0.05 were taken as statistically significant.
Results: The total prevalence of anemia was 52%. Mild, moderate and severe anemia account for 50(64%), 17(21.8%) and 11(14.2%), respectively. Fifty three (68%) of the anemic pregnant women had normocytic normochromic RBCs. Anemia was significantly higher in pregnant women with diarrhea [AOR, 95% CI (5.6(1.7, 17.3), P<0.05] and in those with previous history of malaria [AOR, 95% CI (2.7(1.4, 9.33), P<0.05].
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in the study area is significantly high. Regular antenatal care follow up, adjustment of dietary and screening of parasitic infections are recommended to prevent impacts of anemia in