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Management and control of an outbreak of fatal truamatic myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana in a herd of Persian Fallow Deer (Dama dama mesopotamica) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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Research Article

Management and control of an outbreak of fatal truamatic myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana in a herd of Persian Fallow Deer (Dama dama mesopotamica)

Ehsan Gharib Mombeni1*, Manoochehr Gharib Mombeini2, Ahmadreza Lahijanzadeh3, Mostafa Kenarkohi4, Seyed Adel Mola5, Seyed Kamin Hosseini6, Abdul Amir Rezaei7, Morad Moradi Garavand8 and Mehdi Khalaj9

1Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

2Provincial Animal Diseases Control and Monitoring, Khuzestan province Veterinary Organization, Iran

3Senior Manager Environmental Protection, Khuzestan Province, Iran

4Director of Khuzestan province Veterinary Organization, Iran

5Senior Expert Environmental Protection, Khuzestan Province, Iran

6Senior Manager of Iranian Nature Preservation Organization at Helveh Park, Khuzestan Province, Iran

7General Director of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Disease Management, Tehran, Iran

8Senior Expert of Hygiene Department and Mycobacterial Disease Control, Iran

9Senior expert of parasite disease, veterinary organization, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Ehsan Gharib Mombeni
Veterinary Medicine Faculty
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
Tel: +989161112220
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 28, 2013; Accepted date: February 12, 2014; Published date: February 14, 2014

Citation: Mombeni EG, Mombeini MG, Lahijanzadeh A, Kenarkohi M, Mola SA, et al. (2014) Management and control of an outbreak of fatal truamatic myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana in a herd of Persian Fallow Deer (Dama dama mesopotamica). J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:157. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000157

Copyright: © 2014 Mombeni EG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Cutaneous myiasis caused by the Chrysomya bezziana in Asian and African countries is common in wild and domestic mammals. A herd of Persian fallow deer (n=80, consisting of adult and young male and female animals) with an average age range of 3 months to 6 years was viewed. Observed were 40 deaths putting the heard near to extinction. The animals were found with traumatic cutaneous wounds mostly in one ear, the eyes and head as well as the ventral part of the neck. The ears were necrotised and could no longer remain upright; the wounds were full of maggots of different sizes and stages of development. Based on morphological features, the collected larvae were examined by a central Khuzestan veterinary laboratory and identified as C. bezziana larvae. This is the first ever occurrence of C. bezziana that caused such a population reduction of these wonderful animals in a herd of Persian fallow deer held under the supervision of Iranian Nature Preservation Organization and kept at Helveh Park in Shush county (East-South of Iran) where original ecology and its treatment and control of myiasis have been discussed. This paper is apparently the first report of an infestation of cutaneous myiasis due to C. bezziana in Persian fallow deer. Also we report high infestation Rhipicephalus microplus as an important ectoparasite of these Persian fallow deer that has been never discussed before.

Keywords

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