Mass and New Media: Review of Framing, Treatment and Sources in Reporting on FukushimaPerko T1*, Mays C2, Valuch J3 and Nagy A1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Perko T
Belgian Nuclear Research Institute
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 24, 2015; Accepted Date: March 30, 2015; Published Date: April 05, 2015
Citation: Perko T, Mays C, Valuch J, Nagy A (2015) Mass and New Media: Review of Framing, Treatment and Sources in Reporting on Fukushima. J Mass Communicat Journalism 5:252. doi:10.4172/2165-7912.1000252
Copyright: © 2015 Perko T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
How was information about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster presented and transmitted in traditional and new media? How did these two major families interact in the post-Fukushima media dynamic? We reviewed 30 scientific publications or presentations dealing with mass media behaviour and its effects in the case of the March 2011 Fukushima accident. Data from Japan and also from other world regions were considered. Our structured review considered the framing and interpretation found in the media and the sources cited. A brief online survey also was conducted to complete our understanding of how European institutions applied social media in this crisis. Traditional media were found to provide context including frequent comparisons with the Chernobyl accident, however the expert technical vocabulary of radiation appeared incompletely translated. The number and range of cited sources grew in the days following the accident. Institutions used social media mainly as an expedient when traditional websites crashed under the weight of consultation. In contrast, a form of 'citizen journalism' emerged when social networks sped, decentralised and diversified information provision while offering platforms for direct citizen participation, expression and feedback. This dynamic offers opportunities for moving closer to a citizen-centred ideal of risk communication.