Mealtime Behavioral Problems in Hong Kong Chinese Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum DisorderChan DFY1*, Yu CCW1, So HK1, Sharon Chan1 and Nancy Tsang2
- Corresponding Author:
- Dorothy FY Chan
Associate Consultant, Department of Paediatrics
Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 29, 2016; Accepted date: February 19, 2016; Published date: February 26, 2016
Citation: Chan DFY, Yu CCW, So HK, Sharon Chan, Tsang N (2016) Mealtime Behavioral Problems in Hong Kong Chinese Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Psychol Abnorm S1:004. doi:10.4172/jpab.S1-004
Copyright: © 2016 Chan DFY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The relationship between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and mealtime behavioural problems has been discussed in the United States recently, but there is limited research data on this matter in Chinese children. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of feeding and mealtime behavioural problems in Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers with ASD using the Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory (BAMBI). Parents with children aged between 2 to 6 years old diagnosed with ASD were asked to complete a Chinese version of BAMBI, which is a validated 18-item questionnaire designed to measure mealtime behavioural problems in children with ASD. A total of 177 children were enrolled: 78.0% were boys and 22.0% were girls; the mean age was 5.0 (2.9-6.3). The survey revealed that the “limited variety” of food was the most prevalent feeding problem. Close to half of caregivers found limited food variety being problematic and affecting their daily functioning. The perception of problems by caregivers was positively correlated with the frequency of problematic feeding behaviours. These feeding behavioural problems are not alleviated by current training. We suggest concentrating specifically on addressing the feeding behaviour through a multidisciplinary approach and by incorporating dietary advice, which will be beneficial to children with ASD and their families.