alexa Medical Error Reporting Attitudes of Healthcare Personnel, Barriers and Solutions: A Literature Review
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Research Article

Medical Error Reporting Attitudes of Healthcare Personnel, Barriers and Solutions: A Literature Review

Aysun Ünal1* and Seyda Seren2

1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

2Department of Nursing Management, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Aysun Ünal
Department of Pediatric Surgery
Dokuz Eylul University Hospital
Izmir, Turkey
Tel: +90 532 697 18 67
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 30, 2016; Accepted date: December 14, 2016; Published date: December 22, 2016

Citation: Ünal A, Seren S (2016) Medical Error Reporting Attitudes of Healthcare Personnel, Barriers and Solutions: A Literature Review. J Nurs Care 5:377. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000377

Copyright: © 2016 Ünal A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited



Introduction: Medical error reporting has been recognized as the cornerstone of patient safety practices; however, healthcare personnel often do not report errors. In order to increase the frequency of error reporting, it is important to understand both the healthcare workers' attitudes towards reporting, as well as what they perceive as barriers. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to identify the medical error reporting attitudes of healthcare personnel worldwide, as well as the barriers they encounter and their suggestions to increase reporting. Methods: The national and international databases were scanned to identify the studies performed on medical error attitudes and barriers. A total of 28 studies that fit the criteria were evaluated. Results: According to the studies that were analyzed, the most commonly encountered reporting barrier was the fear of individual and legal accusations among healthcare personnel. The personnel most frequently suggested using anonymous reporting systems, modifying the "accusation" culture and encouraging timely reporting in order to eliminate the reporting barriers. Conclusion: This review provides up-to-date information on medical error reporting barriers, solution suggestions directed towards these barriers, and suggestions from healthcare personnel for an effective reporting system. It will guide healthcare providers, quality and risk management unit employees, administrators, and institutions that are trying to develop an effective reporting system toward quality patient care.


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