alexa Medicinal Potentials and Toxicity Concerns of Bioactive Principles
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Research Article

Medicinal Potentials and Toxicity Concerns of Bioactive Principles

Chikezie PC1*, Ibegbulem CO2 and Mbagwu FN3
1Department of Biochemistry, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
2Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
3Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Chikezie PC
Department of Biochemistry
Imo State University, PMB 2000
Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Tel: 2348038935327
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 21, 2015; Accepted July 27, 2015; Published July 31, 2015
Citation: Chikezie PC, Ibegbulem CO, Mbagwu FN (2015) Medicinal Potentials and Toxicity Concerns of Bioactive Principles. Med Aromat Plants 4:202. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000202
Copyright: © 2015 Chikezie PC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Plants are widely used in many indigenous systems of medicine for therapeutic purposes and are increasingly becoming popular in modern society as alternatives to synthetic medicines. Bioactive principles are derived from the products of plant primary metabolites, which are associated with the process of photosynthesis. The present review highlighted the chemical diversity and medicinal potentials of bioactive principles as well inherent toxicity concerns associated with the use of these plant products, which are of relevance to the clinician, pharmacist or toxicologist. Plant materials are composed of vast array of bioactive principles of which their isolation, identification and characterization for analytical evaluation requires expertise with cutting edge analytical protocols and instrumentations. Bioactive principles are responsible for the therapeutic activities of medicinal plants and provide unlimited opportunities for new drug leads because of their unmatched availability and chemical diversity. For the most part, the beneficial or toxic outcomes of standardized plant extracts depend on the chemical peculiarities of the containing bioactive principles.

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