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ISSN 2472-1026

Journal of Forensic Medicine
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  • Research Article   
  • J Forensic Med 2018, Vol 3(2): 125
  • DOI: 10.4172/2472-1026.1000125

Medico-Legal Autopsy & Forensic Science Laboratory: Vital Tools of Criminal Justice System

Vijay Kumar AG*, Kumar U, Shivaramu MG and Vinay J
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author : Vijay Kumar AG, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Karnataka, India, Tel: +919916735739, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 06, 2018 / Accepted Date: Dec 04, 2018 / Published Date: Dec 11, 2018

Abstract

Forensic science is the application of science and technology to the detection and investigation of crime. Forensic science has shaped the world of justice, signifying the examination of crime with the help of modern and advanced technology. In this retrospective study, the viscera sent to toxicology and DNA section of FSL during autopsy at mortuary of Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya district, Karnataka, India, between January 2013 to December 2017 were analyzed. During this study, several epidemiological observations and their results were considered. Out of 748 autopsied cases, in 256 cases viscera has been forwarded to Toxicology section of forensic science laboratory and in 43 unidentified bodies either femur bone or liver tissue has been forwarded to DNA section. In all the 256 cases viscera has been subjected to toxicological examination at forensic science laboratory, in that 211 cases we received positive results, stating the type and amount of poison present at the time of death. In 43 cases viscera has been forwarded to DNA section, and the report has been forwarded to honorable court. With the rising population combined with inflation and economic downturns, there is an increased spurt of crime rates of all natures in the society. To ensure adequate and timely justice to the victims of offences a proper autopsy coupled with laboratory backing will go a long way in supplementing the work of police investigation in order to convert suspicion into a reasonable certainty of either guilt or innocence.

Keywords: Autopsy; Forensic science laboratory; Justice system

Citation: Vijay Kumar AG, Kumar U, Shivaramu MG, Vinay J (2018) Medico-Legal Autopsy & Forensic Science Laboratory: Vital Tools of Criminal Justice System. J Forensic Med 3: 125. Doi: 10.4172/2472-1026.1000125

Copyright: © 2018 Vijay Kumar AG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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