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ISSN: 2161-0983

Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research
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Meliaceae Plant Extracts as Potential Mosquitocides-A Review

Kathirvelu Baskar1*, Subramanian Mohankumar1, Venkatesan Sudha1, Rajan Maheswaran2, Subramaniyan Vijayalakshmi3 and Manikkam Jayakumar4

1Department of Ecotoxicology and Entomology, Bioscience Research Foundation, Porur, Chennai-600116, India

2Department of Zoology, Periyar University, Salem 636 011, Tamil Nadu, India

3Department of Hotel and Catering Management, Vels University, Chennai, India

4Department of Zoology, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai-600 025, India

*Corresponding Author:
Kathirvelu Baskar
Department of Ecotoxicology and Entomology
Bioscience Research Foundation, Porur, Chennai-600116, India
Tel: +91-8110009641
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 11, 2015; Accepted date: December 25, 2015; Published date: January 19, 2016

Citation: Baskar K, Mohankumar S, Sudha V, Maheswaran R, Vijayalakshmi S, et al. (2016) Meliaceae Plant Extracts as Potential Mosquitocides-A Review. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 5:172. doi:10.4172/2161-0983.1000172

Copyright: © 2016 Baskar K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of dreadful diseases such as Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Lymphatic filariasis. An ecofriendly approaches made to control mosquito larvae by using plant extracts is alternative to synthetic pesticides for avoid the environmental hazards. In order to achieve control, knowledge about the interactions between the pest population and plant products is very much important. Many plant species exhibited mosquitocidal activity, among them meliaceae having potential activity against mosquitoes. For example Azadirachta indica, Dysoxylum malabaricum, Khaya senegalensis, Lansium domesticum, Melia volkensii Melia azedarach, Turraea abyssinica, Turraea wakefeldii, Turraea mombassana and Trichilia roka, were showed potential larvicidal activity against vector mosquitoes. Hence, there is a need to know the feasibility of using these plant extracts for the control of mosquito larva in the field condition. Since this plant is readily available and widely distributed, can be used as a cheap alternative to the conventional larvicides.

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