Methodologies to Analyze the Micromorphological Alterations of Enamel Subjected to Abrasion/Erosion
Passos VF and Santiago SL*
Federal University of Ceará, Brazil
- *Corresponding Author:
- Prof. Sérgio Lima santiago
Faculty of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing
Federal University of Ceará
Rua Monsenhor Furtado S/N-Rodolfo Teófilo–60430-355, Brazil
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 17, 2014; Accepted date: September 12, 2014; Published date: September 14, 2014
Citation: Passos VF, Santiago SL (2014) Methodologies to Analyze the Micromorphological Alterations of Enamel Subjected to Abrasion/Erosion. Dentistry 4:255. doi: 10.4172/2161-1122.1000255
Copyright: © 2014 Passos VF, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The incidence of caries has declined; however, other dental lesions such as tooth wear are becoming increasingly important. Dental wear is a multifactorial process that may encompass erosion, abrasion, and combinations thereof. Therefore, various methodologies have been applied to evaluate the loss of dental hard tissue and the surface-softened zone in enamel induced by abrasive and erosive challenges. In this review, different techniques to evaluate alterations in enamel are analyzed, such as microhardness, surface profilometry, surface roughness, microradiography, atomic force microscopy (AFM), AFM nanoindentation, scanning electron microscopy, white light interferometer, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Therefore, the knowledge about these techniques is indispensable in the choice of methods to measure dental wear.