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ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
Open Access

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Research Article

Methodology of an Observational Cohort Study for Subjects with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Dusty Areas Near Cement Plants

Yoonki Hong1, Jae-Woo Kwon1, Sang-Ah Lee2, Young Ji Han3, Ji Young Moon4, Hee Yoeng Kim5, Seon-Sook Han1, Seung-Joon Lee1 and Woo Jin Kim1*

1Department of Internal Medicine and Environmental Health Center, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea

2Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea

3Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea

4Department of Preventive Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea

5Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea

*Corresponding Author:
Woo Jin Kim
Department of Internal Medicine and Environmental Health Center
Kangwon National University Hospital
Chuncheon, Korea. Rep
Tel: 82-32-258-9364
Fax: 82-32-258-2404
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 19, 2013; Accepted date: January 27, 2014; Published date: January 30, 2014

Citation: Hong Y, Kwon JW, Lee SA, Han YJ, Moon JY, et al. (2014) Methodology of an Observational Cohort Study for Subjects with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Dusty Areas Near Cement Plants. J Pulm Respir Med 4:169.doi:10.4172/2161-105X.1000169

Copyright: © 2014 Hong Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) occurs in genetically susceptible individuals by chronic exposure to environmental factors. Although cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for this disease, environmental factors including vapor, gas, dust, and fumes can also impact lung function. Emissions from cement plants are known to have negative health effects; however, the effects of cement dust on COPD subjects living near cement plants have not been fully investigated. We plan to conduct a study to observe clinical outcomes of COPD areas near the cement plants in Korea. Here, we present methodology for an observational cohort study. Cement plants are mostly located in the Kangwon and Chungbuk provinces in Korea. COPD subjects in these areas are recruited for medical examinations consisting of a questionnaire of environmental exposure and health habits, symptom severity, pulmonary function testing, and computed tomography. Blood and urine samples are obtained and subjects will be followed up over 10 years. The patient cohort of this study differs from other COPD study populations in that the participants have been living in dusty areas near cement plants; we therefore termed this cohort COPD in dusty area.

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