alexa Methods for Upstream Extraction and Chemical Characteri
ISSN: 2379-1764

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine
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Review Article

Methods for Upstream Extraction and Chemical Characterization of Secondary Metabolites from Algae Biomass

Ayah Alassali*, Iwona Cybulska, Grzegorz Przemyslaw Brudecki, Rashed Farzanah and Mette Hedegaard Thomsen
The Institute Centre for Energy, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Corresponding Author : Ayah Alassali
The Institute Centre for Energy
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology
P.O. Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, UAE
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 25, 2016; Accepted January 28, 2016; Published February 04, 2016
Citation: Alassali A, Cybulska I, Brudecki GP, Farzanah R, Thomsen MH (2016) Methods for Upstream Extraction and Chemical Characterization of Secondary Metabolites from Algae Biomass. Adv Tech Biol Med 4:163. doi: 10.4172/2379-1764.1000163
Copyright: © 2016 Alassali A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Marine life is very rich in producing various and distinctive chemical components, both basic and complex. Due to the harsh conditions such as high salinity, deficiency of nutrients, light and space, which make the marine environment competitive, organisms adapt to the environment by producing various chemicals and metabolites to help them survive under such conditions. In many studies great emphasis has been given to the secondary metabolites produced by algae (macro and microalgae). Certain species of algae are known for their high content of fatty acids, fibers, antioxidants, carotenoids, sterols, proteins, phytocolloids, lectins, oils, amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins, which could be commercially utilized. Current algae studies emphasize on four main research areas: fuels, bioactive metabolites, toxins, and chemical ecology. This paper focuses on reviewing interesting biochemicals from algae biomass and their therapeutic applications. To achieve optimum extraction of high-value products, extraction methods and conditions were thoroughly presented in this review. Finally, different analytical approaches and techniques to identify the extracted chemicals were discussed.

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