alexa Microfacies, Diagenetic and Depositional Environment of Kazhdumi Formation (Aptian-Albian), Dezful Embayment, Zagros, NW Iran
ISSN: 2381-8719

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
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Research Article

Microfacies, Diagenetic and Depositional Environment of Kazhdumi Formation (Aptian-Albian), Dezful Embayment, Zagros, NW Iran

Soleimani B1*, Monjezi K2 and Malaki S3
1Department of Earth Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
2Tahghighat Sci. of Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3Behbehan Azad University, Khuzestan, Iran
*Corresponding Author : Soleimani B
Department of Earth Science
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
Tel: 98 21 22 56 51 49
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 17, 2014; Accepted March 28, 2014; Published April 02, 2014
Citation: Soleimani B, Monjezi K, Malaki S (2014) Microfacies, Diagenetic and Depositional Environment of Kazhdumi Formation (Aptian-Albian), Dezful Embayment, Zagros, NW Iran. J Geol Geosci 3:154. doi:10.4172/2329-6755.1000154
Copyright: © 2014 Soleimani B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Facies determination of the Kazhdumi Formation in Solabdar and Chilingar oil wells which are the oldest Iranian oil wells is very important since the Kazhdumi was known as a source rock in these fields. Lithological composition of this formation is limestone, shale and glauconite bearing sandstone in the base which is an obvious sign of disconformity between Kazhdumi and Dariyan formations. The Diagenetic effective processes in this area include: dissolution, substitution (hematitization, glauconitization), micritization and bioturbation, cementation, compaction, stylolitization and porosity (interapartical, moldic, intercrystaline, channel). These processes are in relation to diagenetic environments such as meteoric, marine phreatic and deep burial. Kazhdumi Formation in the studied fields is composed of seven carbonate facies and two clastic facies (shale and sandstone) as follows: bioclast wackestone/ packstone- bioclast packstone– bioclast wackestone/packstone–sandstone (lagoon facies) and bioclast wackestoneglobigerin, wackestone (planktonic wackestone)/crinoidal globigerina wackestone –oligosteginid wackestone (open marine facies). By considering these facies, it is suggested lagoon and open marine sedimentary environments for Kazhdumi Formation in the studied fields.

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