alexa Microfiltration, Nano-filtration and Reverse Osmosis for the Removal of Toxins (LPS Endotoxins) from Wastewater | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9589

Journal of Membrane Science & Technology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Microfiltration, Nano-filtration and Reverse Osmosis for the Removal of Toxins (LPS Endotoxins) from Wastewater

Guizani Mokhtar1,2* and Funamizu Naoyuki1

1Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan

2Center for Sustainability Science, Hokkaido University, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Guizani Mokhtar
Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 01, 2012; Accepted date: September 05, 2012; Published date: September 12, 2012

Citation: Mokhtar G, Naoyuki F (2012) Microfiltration, Nano-filtration and Reverse Osmosis for the Removal of Toxins (LPS Endotoxins) from Wastewater. J Memb Sci Technol 2:118. doi:10.4172/2155-9589.1000118

Copyright: © 2012 Mokhtar G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin, a bacterial byproduct abundantly present in wastewater, is more and more representing a major concern in wastewater treatment sector for the potential health risk it represents. It is, therefore, more urgent than before to protect consumers from contaminating their fresh potable water reserves with LPS endotoxin through aquifer replenishment using reclaimed wastewater or by supplying reclaimed wastewater as potable water. Membrane treatment is an alternative to activated sludge process and is the most commonly used to treat wastewater. Moreover, nano-filtration and reverse osmosis are the most advanced technologies used to treat wastewater to a potable level. Removal efficiency of LPS endotoxin using Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) is subject of this paper. It revealed that these advanced technologies could remove a significant amount of endotoxin. However, levels of concentration in the product water are still much higher than the one found in tap water and it is not advisable to supply this water directly to consumers. Further investigations are required to determine the best management practices for a safe supply of potable water from reclaimed wastewater.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version