alexa Microflora of Orofacial Space Infections of Odontogenic Origin in Children and#8211; A Bacteriological Study | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2376-032X

JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science
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Research Article

Microflora of Orofacial Space Infections of Odontogenic Origin in Children – A Bacteriological Study

Nagaveni NB1* and Umashankara KV2

1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author:
Nagaveni NB
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
College of Dental Sciences
Davangere, Karnataka, India
Tel: 9675129388
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 10, 2014; Accepted date: April 28, 2014; Published date: May 5, 2014

Citation: Nagaveni NB, Umashankara KV (2014) Microflora of Orofacial Space Infections of Odontogenic Origin in Children – A Bacteriological Study. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 2:118. doi:10.4172/2376-032X.1000118

Copyright: © 2014 Nagaveni et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the causative micro-organisms and also to assess the anatomic distribution of orofacial space infections of odontogenic origin in pediatric patients. Materials and methods: A total of 25 patients, aged 3-14 years with orofacial odontogenic infections were selected and pus was collected using 22 gauge needles. The pus samples were immediately processed for Gram staining, aerobic and anaerobic cultures. Various parameters like gender, age, micro-organisms isolated and involved facial spaces were studied. Results: From 25 patients, total of 23 (92%) bacterial strains were isolated. In 2 (8%) patients no growth from cultures was observed. Among 23 isolates, 13 (56%) isolates were of mixed growth, 8 (34%) isolates of anaerobic growth and only 2 (8%) isolates of aerobic growth. Most commonly isolated aerobic species was Streptococcus viridans (47%). Peptostreptococcous (48%) was the most commonly isolated anaerobic species. The submandibular space (56%) was the most frequently involved space among single space infections. Involvement of multiple spaces was not observed. Conclusion: Pediatric orofacial space infections of odontogenic origin are a polymicrobial, mixed (aerobic – anaerobic) infection with predominance of anaerobic bacteria. Submandibular space is the most frequently involved space in children.

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