alexa Micronutrients Fortification of Rice by Parboiling: Lab Scale and Pilot Scale Studies
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Micronutrients Fortification of Rice by Parboiling: Lab Scale and Pilot Scale Studies

Nishaanthini Thiruselvam1, Siaw Wei Cheong1, Jagan Mohan2, Janet Paterson1 and Jayashree Arcot1*

1Food Science and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia

2Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur 613 005, India

*Corresponding Author:
Jayashree Arcot
Food Science and Technology
School of Chemical Engineering
The University of New South Wales
Sydney 2052, Australia
Tel: +612938255360
Fax: +61293855966
E-mail: [email protected] unsw.edu.au

Received date: May 01, 2014; Accepted date: May 28, 2014; Published date: May 31, 2014

Citation: Thiruselvam N, Cheong SW, Mohan J, Paterson J, Arcot J (2014) Micronutrients Fortification of Rice by Parboiling: Lab Scale and Pilot Scale Studies. J Nutr Food Sci 4:281. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000281

Copyright: © 2014 Thiruselvam N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Deficiency diseases due to micronutrient insufficiency occur worldwide, especially in developing countries. Folic acid deficiency causes neural tube defects (NTD) and affects the central nervous system in 1:1000 births leading to anencephaly and spina bifida. Anaemia, a public health problem is caused by iron deficiency in 50% of the cases. Sub-clinical Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) causes morbidity and mortality, especially among young children and pregnant women. In young children, it can cause xerophthalmia and keratomalacia and lead to blindness or limited growth and weakening of the immune system, thereby increasing the risk of death. This study investigates the efficiency of using parboiling as a processing technique to fortify rice with folic acid, β-carotene and iron. Brown rice was parboiled by soaking with the micronutrients at the optimum conditions (70°C for 2 hours), steaming the soaked rice at 100°C for 1 hour and air drying until the moisture dropped to 10 ± 2% wb. Retention of these nutrients was assessed by analysis in the dried rice after milling (0 s, 60 s and 120 s) and in the cooked rice. The fortification was scaled up using 2.5 kg rice by parboiling with the highest concentration of the micronutrient mixture. The experimental process was compared with the conventional parboiling process for which the retention of the micronutrients was analysed. Retention of the nutrients in rice reduced during milling and cooking decreased by 10-15% (folic acid); 2-8% (β-carotene) and 4-5% (iron). Fortification of rice using parboiling is feasible. The laboratory scale method correlated well with the pilot scale.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords