Microplastics in the Marine Environment: Current Status, Assessment Methodologies, Impacts and Solutions
- Corresponding Author:
- Ogunola Oluniyi Solomon
International Studies in Aquatic Tropical Ecology
University of Bremen, Germany
E-mail: solo[email protected]
Received March 08, 2016; Accepted March 29, 2016; Published April 04, 2016
Citation: Ogunola OS, Palanisami T (2016) Microplastics in the Marine Environment: Current Status, Assessment Methodologies, Impacts and Solutions. J Pollut Eff Cont 4:161. doi:10.4172/2375-4397.1000161
Copyright: © 2016 Ogunola OS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Microplastics exhibit a global distribution and have been detected in all levels of the marine environment. The most visible and disturbing impact of microplastics are their ingestion and consequent suffocation of hundreds of marine species. Microplastics can contribute considerably to the transport of non-indigenous marine species to a new area thereby threatening the marine biodiversity and the food web. They can also accumulate toxic substances on their surface therefore represent a potential concentrated source of environmental pollution or act as a vector of toxic pollutants in the food web with some severe health implications. Therefore, assessment of the status, effect and mitigations are needed. The current status, effects and solutions to the occurrence of microplastics in the marine environments were conducted by reviewing most of the literatures on the subject matter. Here, we particularly discussed old and new techniques for extracting and quantifying microplastics from marine matrices. Although, it is an intricate and herculean task to address the problems of microplastics in the ocean, some of the approaches to mitigate them are discussed.