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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: Current Status and Future Implications | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0703

Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis
Open Access

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Review Article

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: Current Status and Future Implications

Dereje Gedle1*, Mengistu Endris2, Belay Tessema2, Setegn Eshetie2, Temesgen Ewunetu3, Fetuma Feyera1 and Gemechu Kumera1

1Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Ethiopia

2Departments of Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Ethiopia

3Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences & Pathology, College of Public Health & Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Dereje Gedle
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences
Debre Markos University, Ethiopia
Tel: 2515877116-46
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 29, 2015Accepted Date: August 05, 2015 Published Date: August 08, 2015

Citation: Gedle D, Endris M, Tessema B, Eshetie S, Ewunetu T, et al. (2015) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: Current Status and Future Implications. J Med Microb Diagn 4:200. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000200

Copyright: © 2015 Gedle D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In September 2012, a novel coronavirus was recognized, later renamed Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. This novel coronavirus belong lineage C of the genus Beta coronavirus included virus isolates from bats and camels. Fever, cough and shortness of breath were the common initial symptoms. On the other hand, majority of Patients were rapidly progressed to severe pneumonia and renal failure. Dromedary camels are suspected the primary reservoir for MERS CoV infection; suggesting camels to human transmission via contact with their excretion and consuming their product. However, human to human transmission occurred via the respiratory droplet or close contact. There is no specific drug or vaccine available for illnesses caused by MERS-CoV infection. Currently this novel virus is the major emerging respiratory pathogen threats of the world and capable of lethal human infections. Still new cases have been reported around the world particularly Arabian Peninsula. It has been also emerged outside Middle East countries which have not occurred before in South Korea and China since 20 May, 2015.

Keywords

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