Migration and Fertility: A Review of Theories and Evidences
Majelantle RG and Navaneetham K*
Department of Population Studies, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
- *Corresponding Author:
- Navaneetham K
Professor, Department of Population Studies
Faculty of Social Sciences, Private Bag UB 705
University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3552562
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 15, 2013; Accepted May 20, 2013; Published May 24, 2013
Citation: Majelantle RG, Navaneetham K (2013) Migration and Fertility: A Review of Theories and Evidences. J Glob Econ 1:101. doi: 10.4172/2375-4389.1000101
Copyright: © 2013 Majelantle RG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Understanding migration and fertility issues would be very relevant in the context of changing demographic dimensions between developed and developing countries, in particular differing age structure of the populations between them. As the developing countries have opportunity for potential demographic dividend due to increase in the supply of labour force, the developed countries would be facing a shortage of labour force and health care burden for old age people. Further, this phenomenon will have repercussion with respect to movement of people from developing countries to developed countries and flow of economy at the global level. At the county level, interregional migrations seems to be increasing due to demographic diversity within the country. Rapid urbanization in the developing countries is another challenge due to rural-urban migration. Therefore, the migratory movement will have greater effect on the future population changes not only within the country level, but also in both developed and developing countries and more so depends on the fertility behavior of the migrants. All these phenomena will have implications on the social and economic dynamics both at the local and global level. The purpose of this note is to review main theories on the relationship between migration and fertility and their empirical evidence.