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ISSN: 2379-1764

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine
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Research Article

Mineral Elements Content of Selected Kenyan Antidiabetic Medicinal Plants

Arika WM1*, Ogola PE1, Nyamai DW1, Mawia AM1, Wambua FK1, Kiboi NG1, Wambani JR1, Njagi SM1, Rachuonyo HO1, Emmah KO1, Lagat RC1, Muruthi CW1, Abdirahman YA1, Agyirifo DS1,2, Ouko RO1, Ngugi MP1 and Njagi ENM1
1Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
2Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Corresponding Author : Arika WM
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Kenyatta University
P.O. Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254722863595/254722873150
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 17, 2015 Accepted: December 25, 2015 Published: January 01, 2016
Citation: Arika WM, Ogola PE, Nyamai DW, Mawia AM, Wambua FK, et al. (2016) Mineral Elements Content of Selected Kenyan Antidiabetic Medicinal Plants. Adv Tech Biol Med 4:160. doi: 10.4172/2379-1764.1000160
Copyright: © 2016 Arika WM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited..
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Abstract

The use of herbal medicine as an unconventional health treatment is gaining considerable recognition and popularity worldwide. Despite skepticism and a lack of medical evidence to support its therapeutic efficacy, use of herbal remedies has considerably increased. Belief in the superiority of herbs is based mainly on anecdotal evidence, paraherbalism, and pseudoscience. It is only recently that guidelines for their investigation have been developed and a few herbs have been clinically studied. Many diseases including diabetes mellitus has experimentally been shown to be managed by medicinal plant extracts. The hypoglycemic potential of such plants maybe attributable to the mineral elements present in them. This study was designed to determine the content of mineral elements in five Kenyan antidiabetic medicinal plants traditionally used to manage diabetes mellitus using Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence (TXRF) System and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The elements Mg, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Zn, Br, Rb, Cr, Ti, Cu, V, Cl and Pb were identified and their contents estimated. The results of the present study provide justification for the usage of these medicinal plants in the management of diabetes mellitus. The results indicates that the analyzed medicinal plants can be considered as potential sources for providing a reasonable amount of the required elements other than diet to diabetic patients. Moreover, these results can be used to set new standards for prescribing the dosage of the herbal drugs prepared from these plant materials.

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