alexa Modeling of Hydrological Extremes Under Climate Change
ISSN: 2165-784X

Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Modeling of Hydrological Extremes Under Climate Change Scenarios in The Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia

Hadush K Meresa1*and Mulusew T Gatachew2

1Arbaminch University (AMU), Arbaminch, Ethiopia

2Addis Ababa University (AAU), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Hadush K Meresa
Arbaminch University (AMU)
Arbaminch, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-913332820
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 01, 2016; Accepted Date: October 03, 2016; Published Date: October 05, 2016

Citation: Meresa HK, Gatachew MT (2016) Modeling of Hydrological Extremes Under Climate Change Scenarios in The Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia. J Civil Environ Eng 6:252. doi: 10.4172/2165-784X.1000252

Copyright: © 2016 Meresa HK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

The impact of climate change on modeling of hydrological extremes is needed to asses at regional and local scales since these vicissitudes are not uniform over the globe. This work stresses on climate change impact on the hydrological extremes (MMAX, CMAX, NNHF, Q10, MMIX, CMIX, MIN7, and Q90) and precipitation extremes (MLWD, MLDD, ADMT, ADMP) during the far future (2071-2100) period over the selected sites across the upper Blue Nile River basin (UBNRB), Ethiopia. The change in extreme indices were calculated based on daily precipitation and temperature data derived from the most recent CMIP5 climate projection scenarios compared to the reference period (1971-2000). The raw outputs from the climate models were corrected in order to reduce biases using distribution based quantile mapping technique. The validation and calibration demonstrates that the seasonal maximum cycle of precipitation and temperature in the reference period is reproduced reasonably in the bias-corrected climate results. The projections of climate change impacts on the hydrological extremes were evaluated using three generalize lump conceptual hydrological models: GR4J; HBV; HMETS and two objective functions: NSE and LogNSE. These hydrological models are calibrated in the period of 1971-2000 and validated in 2001-2010 period. The optimized hydrological parameters are adopted for the future hydrological simulations (2071-2100). The results indicate that the wet/dry spell will significantly decrease/increase due to climate change in some sites of the region (sites 2 and 6), while in sites 1 and 5, there is increase/decrease in wet/dry spell but not significant, respectively. Far future maximum river flows in the study area will be less extreme and more variable in terms of magnitude, and more irregular in terms of seasonal occurrence, than they are at present. Low flows may become less extreme and variable in terms of magnitude, and more irregular in terms of seasonal occurrence. Most areas of northern, western, and northeastern part of the river basin will likely become wetter in the wet season and drier in dry season. Whereas, indices that related to low flows are projected to increase most prominently for lowland sites, due to the combined effects of projected decreases in summer precipitation, and projected increases in evapotranspiration that reduce residual soil moisture in late summer. Whereas the indices related to the high flows are projected slight increase in the central and upper part of the basin. According to the evaluated scenarios, climate change may have favorable impacts on the distribution of hydrological extremes in the study area.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords