alexa Modern Arthroplasty Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis of the Knee
ISSN: 2161-0533

Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research
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Review Article

Modern Arthroplasty Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Joshua Murphy and Brett Levine*

Assistant Professor, Rush University Medical Center, Orthopaedics, Chicago, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Brett Levine
Residency Program Director and Assistant Professor
Rush University Medical Center Orthopaedics
1611 W. Harrison St., STE 300, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Tel: 312-432-2466
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 10, 2013; Accepted Date: May 29, 2014; Published Date: June 04, 2014

Citation: Murphy J, Levine B (2014) Modern Arthroplasty Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Orthopedic Muscul Sys 3: 152. doi: 10.4172/2161-0533.1000152

Copyright: © 2014 Murphy J et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Osteoarthritis of the knee is a commonly treated orthopaedic condition that can be quite disabling, often leading
to significantly reduced activity levels. Non-operative treatment is the first line of management with non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory agents, intra-articular injections, knee braces, weight loss and activity modification. While there
has been a growing interest in topical agents, stem cell/platelet-rich-plasma injections and shoe modifications, the
overall efficacy of such modalities in relationship to the relative cost remains a question. Surgical options typically
include total knee arthroplasty, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and patellofemoral joint arthroplasty, depending
on the extent and location of the degenerative joint disease. Arthroplasty options provide excellent long-term
outcomes in appropriately indicated patients. Modern total knee arthroplasty components are well-designed and if
put in appropriately in a patient that is willing to do their physical therapy, excellent results are commonly found.
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty has also experienced a resurgence with the push for less invasive surgery and
more rapid rehabilitation. Successful results can be achieved with meticulous surgical techique and appropriately
indicated patients. The following is a thorough review of the modern options for the management of knee
degenerative joint disease, focusing on the latest arthroplasty procedures.

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