Modulation of Stress in Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, using Feed Supplemented with CapsaicinPaul McCain, Parveen Quarrar and Ahmed Mustafa*
Indiana University, Purdue University Fort Wayne, 2101 E, Coliseum Boulevard, Fort Wayne, 46805, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ahmed Mustafa
Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne. 2101 E
Coliseum Boulevard, Fort Wayne, 46805, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 02, 2015; Accepted Date: August 13, 2015; Published Date: August 25, 2015
Citation: McCain P, Quarrar P, Mustafa A (2015) Modulation of Stress in Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, using Feed Supplemented with Capsaicin. Poult Fish Wildl Sci 3:136. doi:10.4172/2375-446X.1000136
Copyright: © 2015 McCain P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this study properties of the nutraceutical capsaicin were assessed in order to determine the effects on several stress bio-markers in teleost fish. Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch, were fed a diet supplemented with capsaicin for 8 weeks, and a thermal stressor was used in order to ascertain capsaicin’s ability to modulate said stress in comparison with control animals. Biomarkers; plasma cortisol, blood glucose, spleen somatic index, packed cell volume, plasma protein, condition factor, and macrophage phagocytic activity were assessed bi-weekly during the trial. The results of ANOVA comparison indicated that capsaicin produced no statistically significant differences between fish receiving the capsaicin and those which did not. A cluster based analysis using WEKA data mining software confirmed the findings that at 0.02% of the diet, capsaicin produced no statistically significant differences.