Monitoring a Massive Escape of European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus Labrax) at an Oceanic Island: Potential Species Establishment
- *Corresponding Author:
- Besay Ramírez
Research Group on Biodiversity and Conservation
Center for Biodiversity and Environmental Management
University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas 35017, Spain
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 19, 2015; Accepted Date: April 20, 2015; Published Date: June 15, 2015
Citation: Ramírez B, Ortega L, Montero D, Tuya F, Haroun R (2015) Monitoring a Massive Escape of European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus Labrax) at an Oceanic Island: Potential Species Establishment. J Aquac Res Development 6:339. doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000339
Copyright: © 2015 Ramírez B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The post-escape behavior of aquaculture escapees is a growing topic of research. We monitored a massive escape event of the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, which occurred at a sea-cage fish farm off the oceanic island of La Palma, Canary Islands, eastern Atlantic. Stomach contents and gonadal development of escapees were analyzed from two islands (Gran Canaria and La Palma) in order to assess the degree of postescape establishment,. We also tested (at both islands), the suitability of fatty acid profiles as biomarkers of aquaculture escapes, processing recaptured escaped fish at a range of distances away from aquaculture facilities. Escaped European sea bass concentrated within breakwaters and decreased in abundance through time after the massive escape at La Palma. Decapod crustaceans (particularly Percnon gibbesi and Rhynchocinetes sp) were the main diet constituents of escapees, followed by fishes (mainly the parrotfish, Sparisoma cretense). Only one spawner male was found. Crude lipid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, Σn-9 fatty acids and Σmonounsatured fatty acids showed higher values in cultured or escaped individuals near cages relative to fish far away from farms. Arachidonic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, Σn-3, satured fatty acids, Σn-3/Σn-6 ratio and Palmitic acid showed the opposite pattern. Our data showed that escaped European sea bass is able to exploit natural recourses, altering their fatty acid profiles relative to farmed conspecifics. The usefulness of fatty acids as biomarkers is, however, limited to a short period of time after escape events.